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    Baldev Upadhyaya

    Baldev Upadhyaya (10 October 1899 – 10 August 1999) was a HindiSanskrit scholar, literary historianessayist and critic. He wrote numerous books, collections of essays and a historical outline of Sanskrit literature. He is noted for discussing Sanskrit literature in the Hindi language. Earlier books related to Sanskrit literature were often written either in Sanskrit or in English.

    Life

    He was born on 10 October 1899 in the village Sonbarsa in the Ballia district of Uttar PradeshBritish India. His father was Pt. Ram Suchit Upadhyaya, who was a great scholar of the Bhagavata Puraṇa, and his mother was Murti Devi. He had two brothers.

    Upadhyaya's early education was in Govt. High School, Ballia, except for a session 1911–1912, when he was admitted to the 6th standard at Bengali Tola Inter College, Benares. He passed his M.A. from Banaras Hindu University (1922) and Sahityacharya from Govt. Sanskrit CollegeBenares.

    He married Shivmuni Devi, daughter of Pt. Dev Krishna Ojha, granddaughter of Pt. Yogesh Dutt Ojha, a Sanskrit scholar and author of Paribhashendu Shekhar, which was published from Sampurnanand Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi.

    He died on 10 August in his centenary year 1999 at Varanasi.[1] He had two sons. One of his son named Dr. G. S. Upadhyaya is retired from IIT Kanpur, where he was a professor in Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering. Dr. G. S. Upadhyaya also have been the head of department. The grandson of Baldev Upadhyaya named Dr. Anish Upadhyaya is currently professor in Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, IIT Kanpur, Kanpur, UP.

    Students

    His students include Hazari Prasad DwivediVidya Niwas MishraVibhuti Narayan SinghSitaram ChaturvediKalu Lal ShrimaliRewa Prasad DwivediJ. N. ChaturvediTriloki Nath Chaturvedi, and Vishnu Kant Shastri.

    Major works

    In 1922 he was appointed as a lecturer in the Department of Sanskrit at Banaras Hindu University. After serving the institution for 38 years he retired as Head of the Department in 1960. In 1968 he was again appointed as director and professor emeritus of the Research Institute at Sampurnanand Sanskrit University. He also served as president, Uttar Pradesh Sanskrit Academy, Lucknow.[2]

    Books

    Upadhyaya had chosen Hindi as his medium for writing books. There were no authoritative books on all branch of Sanskrit literature.

    Name of Book Publisher Year
    Rasika Govinda Aur Unki Kavita Hindi Nagari Pracharini Sabha, Ballia. 1926
    Sukti Muktavali Haridas Company, Mathura 1932
    Sanskrit Kavi Charchā Master Khedilal, Varanasi 1932
    Bhartiya Darshana Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1942
    Sanskrit Sahitya Ka Itihas Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1944
    Dharma aur Darshana Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1945
    Sanskrit Vangmaya Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1945
    Vaidika Kahaniya Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1946
    Bauddha Darsana Mimansa Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1946
    Arya Sanskriti Ke Muladhara Sharda Mandir, Varanasi 1947
    Bhartiya Sahitya Shastra Prasad Parisad, Varanasi 1948
    Bhagvata Sampradaya Nagari Prachatini Sabha, Varanasi 1954
    Vaidika Sahitya Aur Sanskriti Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi 1955
    Sanskrit Alochana U.P. Sanskrit Sansthan, Lucknow 1956
    Kavyanushilana Ramesh Book Deopt, Jaipur 1956
    Bhartiya Vangmaya Mein Sri Radha Bihar Rastrabhasha Parishad, Patna 1963
    Sanskrit Sukavi Samikchha Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi 1963
    Purana Vimarsha Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi 1965
    Sanskrit Shashtron Ka Itihas Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi 1969
    Bhartiya Dharma Aur Darshana Chaukamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi 1977
    Sanskrit Sahitya Ka Sanksipta Itihas Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi 1978
    Kashi Ki Panditya Parampara Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi 1985
    Bhartiya Dharma aur Darshana Ka Anushilan Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi 1985
    Vimarshachintamanih Sharda Sansthan, Varanasi 1987

    When he was director of the Research Institute, he was the chief editor of the book series, Sarasvati Bhavana Granthamala, and the Sanskrit journal Sarasvati Sushama. He wrote many books which are the outcome of original studies and are authoritative in the respected fields. He also edited about 25 books.[3]

    Awards and honours[edit]

     


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